When writing a text that includes sources, you need to quote the sources you are working with. Writers use quotes for several reasons: Below are three different quotation formats and guidelines to follow when using them.
Here is a sample paraphrase: From Ron Bachman, "Reaching for the Sky.
While the Sears Tower is arguably the greatest achievement in skyscraper engineering so far, it's unlikely that architects and engineers have abandoned the quest for the world's tallest building. Just how high can a building go? Structural engineer William LeMessurier has designed a skyscraper nearly one-half mile high, twice as tall as the Sears Tower.
And architect Robert Sobel claims that existing technology could produce a story building. How much higher skyscrapers of the future will rise than worlds tallest building, the Sears Tower, is unknown. The design of one twice as tall is already on the boards, and an architect, Robert Sobel, thinks we currently have sufficient know-how to build a skyscraper with over stories Bachman The writer never uses the exact words of the author therefore there is no need to use quotation marks.
The writer summarizes, uses his or her own words and then cites the source at the end. Sometimes a paraphrase will be large and must be broken up. A good rule of thumb is to break up a paragraph that is completely paraphrased into two or three citations. The writer has given credit to the author and thus has avoided plagiarism.
Now the author would just continue writing after double spacing. Your paper will more or less be paraphrase after paraphrase linked together by your own words and analysis.
You need to introduce, analyze and put into context the paraphrases you use. This is the nature of the research paper, after all, you are not the expert, they are. If you cite from the same author in the very next citation you do not have to put the authors last name in the in line citation, just the page number.
As a matter of fact the architect William LeMessurier claims he designed a skyscraper that is over a half a mile tall Citing a Direct Quote Citing a direct quote uses the same form as citing a paraphrase.
The differences is that you are using someone else's words directly. Here is a sample direct quote: From "Captain Cousteau," Audubon May Yet the fragility of this regulating system is now threatened by human activity.
The importance of the sea to the environment of the earth cannot be underestimated. The first sentence is neither a paraphrase or a quote. It is the writers own words. The writer is introducing and placing the Cousteau quote into context.
Direct Quote Over Four Lines: A great speech or famous quote might justify using a direct quote over four lines.INTEGRATING QUOTES AND PARAPHRASES IN RESEARCH PAPERS. If you lack personal experience in a subject, you will turn to sources to learn what you need to know. You will attach a bibliography to your paper, and you will integrate the ideas from other writers through paraphrase, summary, and direct quotation.
However, the bibliography.
For example, “In a paper analyzing primary sources such as literary works, you will use direct quotation extensively to illustrate and support your analysis” (Aaron ). This quote comes from the source exactly as the author had written it. Can you use quotes in a research paper and how to use them?
In order to make a research paper stronger, it is okay to add quotations when you need to cite a principal piece of primary source material, strengthen your argument with the help of another writer’s work, or highlight a term of art. If you find that you can't do A or B, this may mean that you don't understand the passage completely or that you need to use a more structured process until you have more experience in paraphrasing.
The method below is not only a way to create a paraphrase but also a way to understand a difficult text. If you are quoting the same author a second time in succession, or if you mention his name in the paper, you may use the date only in parentheses, following the quote ().
In addition, if you cite the same source multiple times, include the page number after the date: (, p. 34). Notice how the authors state their opinions and reactions: They use plain, straightforward language. If you are tasked with writing a personal response paper, you can do the same.