This discussion is intended to complement "Passing from Light into Dark.
Important climate change impacts in Victoria over the next 50 years are expected to be: Key infrastructure impacts of the above will be: Growth in peak summer energy demand is likely due to air-conditioning use, and this may increase the risk of blackouts.
There is moderate confidence in predictions that there will be decreasing annual average stream flow and increased drought frequency, intensity and duration in Victoria.
There is low confidence in predictions that there will be abrupt changes, such as a step-change in rainfall, rapid melting of polar ice sheets or changes in global ocean currents; and changes in small-scale storm phenomena, such as tornadoes, hail and wind-gusts.
Investment levels are expected to increase significantly over the next few years. Cross sector challenges While each chapter identifies sector-specific challenges to the future provision of individual infrastructures, below are challenges that cross multiple infrastructure sectors.
Strategic planning, coordination and integration Infrastructure drives the productivity, liveability and sustainability of cities, towns and regions. Optimising all three is a considerable challenge that requires planning, coordination and integration.
Strategic planning requires a long-term perspective which, for cities, can exceed years. Coordination requires bringing together all stakeholders, including the owners, operators and builders of the infrastructure, the infrastructure users, and the community, in the planning process and negotiating mutually acceptable outcomes.
Integration requires linking infrastructure plans with broader land-use objectives, as well as ensuring that plans of different infrastructures complement one another. The Victorian Government has also worked to improve integrated strategic decision-making by reforming legislation, policy and the priorities of infrastructure organisations.
Victoria is also benefiting from increased national level strategic planning, such as the creation of a National Transmission Planner, and the work of Infrastructure Australia in identifying nationally significant infrastructure requirements.
Challenges to improving planning, coordination and integration of infrastructure include: Funding New infrastructure provision can be extremely expensive, particularly in built-up areas.
Challenges to infrastructure funding include: Sustainability and climate change Infrastructure must contribute to sustainable economic, social and environmental activities. While individual projects in Victoria over the last decade have sustainability as one of their criteria, sustainability has not been prominent in policies and strategies that shape cities, towns and regions.
Infrastructure performance Infrastructure performance is judged differently by infrastructure owners, operators, users and other stakeholders.
Some stakeholders give priority to financial returns, while others on service quality. The Report Card uses a balanced stakeholder assessment. Challenges to improving the performance of infrastructure include: Skills shortages There is a significant engineering skills shortage for Victorian infrastructure.
Specific areas experiencing shortages include water, road, electrical and local government engineering. This shortage is likely to increase with time due to the large numbers of engineering practitioners retiring over the next decade, and an inadequate supply of graduates.
The consequence of this shortage is delayed and higher cost projects. There is no short term solution to this problem and is common to other States and Territories. Maintaining informed buyer status by governments Having and utilising technical expertise is a pre-condition to being an informed buyer of engineering, information technology and other technical goods and services.
It is crucial that buyers are well informed so that they are able to select and justify the option that offers best value for money; select and justify an innovative solution; reduce contractor risks by providing relevant technical details in tender documents; and prevent contractors taking advantage of the buyer's lack of knowledge.
The Victorian Government and local government need to maintain their informed buyer status, which can be challenging due to budgetary constraints and finding appropriately experienced staff.
Infrastructure security and continuity Security risks to infrastructure became apparent following the 11 September attacks in the US, the Madrid attacks inand the London attacks in Continuity risks to infrastructure became apparent during the heatwaves in Victoria.
The community expects that infrastructure security and continuity risks will be appropriately managed. Challenges to improving the security and continuity of infrastructure include:A final draft report from the United Nations' Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change says only "rapid and far-reaching" changes in the world economy can keep global warming below the internationally agreed target barrier.
"If emissions continue at their present rate, human-induced warming will exceed °C by around ," the draft states. A lot can change in the lead up to the MLB draft. Even when it comes to the No. 1 overall pick, when teams have had months to make their decision on which player to take, there isn’t always a.
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provided in the final report, i s calling for an expansive national multi -media campaign to fight this national health emergency. This campaign, including aggressive television and social media. [The Final Report of the Oklahoma Commission to Study the Tulsa Race Riot of is available online.
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